Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences proposes that people have different kinds of bits of intelligence, not just a single general intelligence. Introduced in 1983, Gardner initially identified seven intelligences: linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, spatial, interpersonal, and intrapersonal. Later, he added naturalistic and existential intelligence to the list. This theory suggests that traditional IQ tests primarily measure linguistic and logical-mathematical abilities and do not capture the full range of human intelligence. Gardner argues that understanding these different intelligences can help better tailor education and teaching methods to suit individual strengths and abilities.